GENUINE TREASURE of the JEWISH ART NOUVEAU – JUGENDSIL ART of E. LILIEN , The co-founder and artist of the BEZALEL School of art in Jerusalem Eretz Israel – Palestine. This is the FIRST EDITION of the book E. LILIEN” by ALFRED GOLD , Being the publisher’s FIRST EDITION EXTRACT from the book “JUDISCHE KUNSTLER (Jewish Artists) by Martin Buber. This 32 pp extract was published separately by the publisher “Judischer Verlag” Berlin in 1903. It is defined “Sonderaboruck – Erste Folge”. This is a profusion of LILIEN ART – Illustrations, Decorations, Books, Bookplates, Etc. 32 pp loaded with pictures. German with Gothic characters. The RARE PUBLICATION is PROFUSELY ILLUSTRATED and DECORATED in black and white by LILIEN using his highest level of JUGENDSTIL-ART NOUVEAU SKILLS. FULL PAGE illustrations along with many ILLUSTRATIONS , DECORATIONS and VIGNETTES. LILIEN illustrations express LOVE, BEAUTY , DESIRE, LUST, EROTICA and hinted SEX and are loaded with images of delicate yet tempting FEMALE and MALE NUDE , Erotic song of praise to the beauty of the HUMAN BODY. Around 11.5″ x 9″. 32 chromo unpaged pp. Very good inner condition. The worn ORIGINAL ILLUSTRATED front SC was pasted on a renewed SC. Clean (Pls look at scan for accurate AS IS images) Will be sent inside a protective envelope. Book will be sent inside a protective envelope. Ephraim Moses Lilien (18741925) was an Austrian illustrator and printmaker. Born in Drohobycz, Galici, he studied art in Cracow for a short time, but lack of funds forced him to return home. He eventually earned enough as a sign painter to go to the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. In 1895 he worked in Munich as a cartoonist; moving three years later to Berlin where he soon became known as a book illustrator. Lilien was the first artist to become involved in the Zionist movement. He was one of the founders of the Berlin publishing house, Juedischer Verlag, which he served not only as an illustrator but also as editor, manager, and publicity agent. He collaborated closely with Theodor Herzl; Lilien’s photograph of the Zionist leader on the Rhine bridge, his Herzl portraits, and his decorations for the Golden Book of the Jewish National Fund became familiar to Zionists all over the world. In 1905 Lilien, along with Boris Schatz and others, was a member of the committee formed to establish the Bezalel School of Art in Jerusalem. He taught there for some months in the following year and revisited Palestine three times, on the last occasion as a lieutenant in the Austro-Hungarian army during World War I. In 1908 Lilien turned from book illustration to etching. Many of his etchings are views of Austria and Hungary, while others record his impressions of Palestine, Damascus, and Beirut. His drawings, executed mainly in india ink, show a crisp, elegant line and a strong contrast between black and white areas. Ephraim Moses Lilien (18741925) was an art nouveau illustrator and printmaker particularly noted for his art on Jewish and Zionist themes. He is sometimes called the first Zionist artist.  Contents 1 Biography2 Artistic career3 Death and commemoration4 Gallery5 References6 External links Biography Ephraim Moses Lilien (Maurycy Lilien) was born in Drohobycz, Galicia in 1874. He studied under Polish painter Jan Matejko from 1890 to 1892. As a member of the Zionist Movement, Lilien traveled to Ottoman Palestine several times between 1906 and 1918.  He accompanied Boris Schatz to Jerusalem to help establish the Bezalel Art School.  Lilien was one of the two artists to accompany Boris Schatz to Eretz Israel in 1906 for the purpose of establishing Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design, and taught the school’s first class in 1906. Although his stay in the country was short-lived, he left his indelible stamp on the creation of an Eretz Israel style, placing biblical subjects in the Zionist context and oriental settings, conceived in an idealized Western design. In the first two decades of the century, Lilien’s work served as a model for the Bezalel group. Artistic career Lilien is known for his famous photographic portrait of Theodor Herzl. He often used Herzl as a model, considering his features a perfect representation of the New Jew.  In 1896, he received an award for photography from the avantgarde magazine Jugend. Lilien illustrated several books. In 1923, an exhibition of his work opened in New York.  Lilien’s illustrated books include Juda (1900), Biblically-themes poetry by Lilien’s Christian friend, Börries Freiherr von Münchausen, and Lieder des Ghetto (Songs of the Ghetto) (1903), Yiddish poems by Morris Rosenfeld translated into German. Death and commemoration Lilien died in Badenweiler, Germany in 1925. A street in the Nayot neighborhood of Jerusalem is named for him. Describes a group of artists who worked in Israel in the late Ottoman and British Mandate periods. It is named after the institution where they were employed, the Bezalel Academy, predecessor of todays Bezalel Academy of Art and Design, and has been described as a fusion of oriental’ art and Jugendstil. The Academy was led by Boris Schatz, who left his position as head of the Royal Academy of Arts in Sofia, Bulgaria, to make aliyah 1906 and set up an academy for Jewish arts. All of the members of the school were Zionist immigrants from Europe and the Middle East, with all the psychological and social upheaval that this implies. The school developed a distinctive style, in which artists portrayed both Biblical and Zionist subjects in a style influenced by the European jugendstil (or art nouveau) movement, by symbolism, and by traditional Persian and Syrian artistry. Like the British Arts and Crafts Movement, Wiener Werkstätte in Vienna, William Morris firm in England, and Tiffany Studios in New York, the Bezalel School produced decorative art objects in a wide range of media: silver, leather, wood, brass and fabric. While the artists and designers were European-trained, the craftsmen who executed the works were often members of the Yemenite community, which has a long tradition of craftsanship in precious metals, and began to make aliyah about 1880. Yemenite immigrants with their colorful traditional costumes were also frequent subjects of Bezalel School artists. Leading members of the school were Boris Schatz, E. Lilien, Ya’akov Stark, Meir Gur Arie, Ze’ev Raban, Jacob Eisenberg, Jacob Steinhardt, and Hermann Struck. In 1915, the New York Times praised the Exquisite examples of filigree work, copper inlay, carving in ivory and in wood, in a touring exhibit. In the metalwork Moorish patterns predominated, and the damascene work, in particular, showed both artistic feeling and skill in execution. Bezalel Academy of Art and Design. Is Israel’s national school of art. It is named after the Biblical figure Bezalel, son of Uri (Hebrew:), who was appointed by Moses to oversee the design and construction of the Tabernacle (Exodus 35:30). It is located on Mount Scopus in Jerusalem and has 1,500 students registered in programs such as: Fine Arts, Architecture, Ceramic Design, Industrial Design, Jewelry, Photography, Visual Communication, Animation, Film, and Art History & Theory. Bezalel offers Bachelor of Fine Arts B. , Bachelor of Architecture B. , Bachelor of Design B. Degrees, a Master of Fine Arts in conjunction with Hebrew University, and two different Master of design M. The academy was founded in 1903 by Boris Schatz, and opened in 1906, but was cut off from its supporters in Europe by World War I, and closed due to financial difficulties in 1929. The academy was named “Bezalel” (Hebrew: “in God’s shadow”) as an illustration of God’s creativity being channeled to a man of flesh and blood, providing the source of inspiration to Bezalel ben Uri in the construction of the holy ark. Many early Zionists, including Theodor Herzl, felt that Israel needed to have a national style of art combining Jewish, Middle Eastern, and European traditions. The teachers at the academy developed a distinctive school (or style) of art, known as the Bezalel school, in which artists portrayed both Biblical and Zionist subjects in a style influenced by the European jugendstil (art nouveau) and by traditional Persian and Syrian styles. Like the Wiener Werkstätte in Vienna, William Morris firm in England, and Tiffany Studios in New York, the Bezalel School produced decorative art objects in a wide range of media: silver, leather, wood, brass and fabric. While the artists and designers were European-trained, the craftsmen who executed the works were often members of the Yemenite community, which has a long tradition of craftsanship in precious metals, and whose members had been making aliyah in small groups at least form the beginning of the nineteenth century, forming a distinctive Yeminite community in Jerusalem. Silver and goldsmithing, occupations forbidden to pious Muslims, had been traditional Jewish occupations in Yemen. Yemenite immigrants with their colorful traditional costumes were also frequent subjects of Bezalel school artists. Leading artists of the school include Meir Gur Aryeh, Ze’ev Raban, Boris Schatz, Jacob Eisenberg, Jacob Steinhardt, and Hermann Struck. The School folded because of economic difficulties. It was reopened as the New Bezalel School for Arts and Crafts in 1935, attracting many of its teachers and students from Germany many of them from the Bauhaus school which had been shut down by the Nazis. In 1969 it was converted into a state-supported institution and took its current name. It completed its relocation to the current campus in 1990. Jugendstil, artistic style that arose in Germany about the mid-1890s and continued through the first decade of the 20th century, deriving its name from the Munich magazine Die Jugend (Youth), which featured Art Nouveau designs. Two phases can be discerned in Jugendstil: an early one, before 1900, that is mainly floral in character, rooted in English Art Nouveau and Japanese applied arts and prints; and a later, more abstract phase, growing out of the Viennese work of the Belgian-born architect and designer Henry van de Velde. Art Nouveau, ornamental style of art that flourished between about 1890 and 1910 throughout Europe and the United States. Art Nouveau is characterized by its use of a long, sinuous, organic line and was employed most often in architecture, interior design, jewelry and glass design, posters, and illustration. It was a deliberate attempt to create a new style, free of the imitative historicism that dominated much of 19th-century art and design. Art Nouveau developed first in England and soon spread to the European continent, where it was called Jugendstil in Germany, Sezessionstil in Austria, Stile Floreale (or Stile Liberty) in Italy, and Modernismo (or Modernista) in Spain. On the European continent, Art Nouveau was also influenced by experiments with expressive line by the painters Paul Gauguin and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. The movement was also partly inspired by a vogue for the linear patterns of Japanese prints (ukiyo-e). The distinguishing ornamental characteristic of Art Nouveau is its undulating, asymmetrical line, often taking the form of flower stalks and buds, vine tendrils, insect wings, and other delicate and sinuous natural objects; the line may be elegant and graceful or infused with a powerfully rhythmic and whiplike force. In the graphic arts the line subordinates all other pictorial elementsform, texture, space, and colourto its own decorative effect. In architecture and the other plastic arts, the whole of the three-dimensional form becomes engulfed in the organic, linear rhythm, creating a fusion between structure and ornament. Architecture particularly shows this synthesis of ornament and structure; a liberal combination of materialsironwork, glass, ceramic, and brickworkwas employed, for example, in the creation of unified interiors in which columns and beams became thick vines with spreading tendrils and windows became both openings for light and air and membranous outgrowths of the organic whole. This approach was directly opposed to the traditional architectural values of reason and clarity of structure. There were a great number of artists and designers who worked in the Art Nouveau style. Some of the more prominent were the Scottish architect and designer Charles Rennie Mackintosh, who specialized in a predominantly geometric line and particularly influenced the Austrian Sezessionstil; the Belgian architects Henry van de Velde and Victor Horta, whose extremely sinuous and delicate structures influenced the French architect Hector Guimard, another important figure; the American glassmaker Louis Comfort Tiffany; the French furniture and ironwork designer Louis Majorelle; the Czechoslovakian graphic designer-artist Alphonse Mucha; the French glass and jewelry designer René Lalique; the American architect Louis Henry Sullivan, who used plantlike Art Nouveau ironwork to decorate his traditionally structured buildings; and the Spanish architect and sculptor Antonio Gaudí, perhaps the most original artist of the movement, who went beyond dependence on line to transform buildings into curving, bulbous, brightly coloured, organic constructions. After 1910 Art Nouveau appeared old-fashioned and limited and was generally abandoned as a distinct decorative style. In the 1960s, however, the style was rehabilitated, in part, by major exhibitions organized at the Museum of Modern Art in New York (1959) and at the Musée National dArt Moderne (1960), as well as by a large-scale retrospective on Beardsley held at the Victoria & Albert Museum in London in 1966. The exhibitions elevated the status of the movement, which had often been viewed by critics as a passing trend, to the level of other major Modern art movements of the late 19th century. Currents of the movement were then revitalized in Pop and Op art. In the popular domain, the flowery organic lines of Art Nouveau were revived as a new psychedelic style in fashion and in the typography used on rock and pop album covers and in commercial advertising. The item “1903 Judaica E. M. LILIEN Bezalel JEWISH ART BOOK Erotica ART NOUVEAU Jugendstil” is in sale since Tuesday, January 19, 2021. This item is in the category “Collectibles\Religion & Spirituality\Judaism\Images”. The seller is “judaica-bookstore” and is located in TEL AVIV. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Country of Manufacture: Germany
- Country/Region of Manufacture: Germany