MORDECAI MANUEL NOAH American Jewish Leader 1819 stipple engraving Judaica

MORDECAI-MANUEL-NOAH-American-Jewish-Leader-1819-stipple-engraving-Judaica-01-he
MORDECAI MANUEL NOAH American Jewish Leader 1819 stipple engraving Judaica

MORDECAI MANUEL NOAH American Jewish Leader 1819 stipple engraving Judaica
Important American engraving of the first Jewish figure to gain National prominence in the United States. Smith and printed in Philadelphia by E and Samuel Valentine. The engraving was used as the frontispiece for Noah’s 1819 book. 1813 1814: Travels in England, France, Spain, and the Barbary States. Today a rare volume. The engraving is inset in a 6″ x 9″ mount where the verso may be viewed. Mordecai Manuel Noah 1785 – 1851 was an American sheriff, playwright, diplomat, early champion of Jewish rights, politician and journalist. He was born in a family which descended from Portuguese Sephardic Jews. His father had fought in the Revolutionary War. Noah is considered to be the most important Jewish secular leader in New York in the early 19th century and the first Jew born in the United States to reach national prominence. His pro-slavery viewpoint while technically correct, as he predicted ending slavery would tear the country apart, has tarnished what would have been a stellar reputation. Noah studied law and then worked in both the trade industry and law. After moving to Charleston, South Carolina, he dedicated himself to politics. Noah was a vocal proponent of slavery in the United States in the mid-1800s. Noah wrote that To emancipate the slaves would be to jeopardize the safety of the whole country. ” The Freedom’s Journal called Noah “the black man’s bitterest enemy Sarna, J. Jacksonian Jew: The two worlds of Mordecai Noah, 1981: p. In 1811, he was appointed by President James Madison as United States Consul in the City of Riga, then part of Russia, but declined, and, in 1813, was nominated United States Consul to the Kingdom of Tunis, where he rescued American citizens kept as slaves by Moroccan slave owners. In 1815, Noah was removed from his position in a likely anti-Semitic gesture; in the words of James Monroe, then Secretary of State, his religion was an obstacle to the exercise of Consular function. The incident caused outrage among Jews and non-Jews alike. Noah sent many letters to the White House trying to get an answer as to why they felt his religion should be a justifiable reason for taking the office of Consul away. He had done well as consul and had even been able to accommodate the United States request to secure the release of some hostages being held in Algiers. Noah never received a legitimate answer as to why they took the office of Consul away from him. This worried Noah, since he was afraid that this would set a precedent for the United States. He worried that this would block future Jews from holding publicly elected or officially granted offices within the United States. Noah protested and and received letters from John Adams, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison supporting church-state separation and tolerance for Jews. Prominent Jewish leader Isaac Harby, a forerunner of Reform Judaism, was moved to write, in a letter to Monroe. [Jews] are by no means to be considered as a religious sect, tolerated by the government. They constitute a portion of the People. They are, in every respect, woven in and compacted with the citizens of the Republic. Noah moved to New York, where he founded and edited The National Advocate, the New York Enquirer (later merged into the New York Courier and Enquirer) The Evening Star and The Sunday Times newspapers. Noah was known to use his power as an editor of The National Advocate and law enforcement powers as a sheriff to personally shut down rival plays produced by black theater groups that drew attention and revenue away from his own productions, with some reports that the performers continued to recite their lines as they were dragged from the stage to their cells. In 1819, Noah’s most successful play, She Would Be a Soldier, was produced. That play has since established Noah as America’s first important Jewish writer. She Would Be a Soldier is now included in college level anthologies. In 1825, with no support, not even his fellow Jews, he tried to found a Jewish “refuge” at Grand Island in the Niagara River, to be called “Ararat, ” after Mount Ararat, the Biblical resting place of Noahs Ark. He had brought with him a cornerstone which read Ararat, a City of Refuge for the Jews, founded by Mordecai M. Noah in the Month of Tishri, 5586 (September, 1825) and in the Fiftieth Year of American Independence. Noah also shared the belief, among various others, that some Native American “Indians” were from the Lost Tribes of Israel, on which he wrote the Discourse on the Evidences of the American Indians being the Descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel. In his Discourse on the Restoration of the Jews, Noah proclaimed his faith that the Jews would return and rebuild their ancient homeland and called on America to take the lead in this endeavor. On September 2, 1825, soon after Noah’s arrival in Buffalo from New York City, thousands of Christians and a smattering of Jews assembled for a historic event. Noah led a large procession headed by Masons, a New York militia company, and municipal leaders to St. Paul’s Episcopal Church. Here, there was a brief ceremony including a singing of the psalms in Hebrew, the cornerstone was laid on the communion table, and the new proclamation establishing the refuge was read. Proclamation day ended with music, cannonade and libation. 24 guns, recessional, masons retired to the Eagle Tavern, all with no one ever having set foot on Grand Isle. The cornerstone was taken out of the audience chamber of the church and laid against the back of the building. It is now on permanent display at the Buffalo Historical Society in Buffalo, New York. Afterwards, despite the failure of his project, he developed the idea of settling the Jews in Palestine and, as such, he can be considered a forerunner of modern Zionism. From 1827 to 1828, Noah led New York Citys Tammany Hall political machine. In his writings he alternately abhorred and supported southern slavery. He worried that emancipation would irreparably divide the country. MacArthur Award-winning cartoonist Ben Katchor fictionalized Noah’s scheme for Grand Island in his The Jew of New York. Noah is also a minor character in Gore Vidals 1973 novel Burr. The modern edition of Noah’s writings is The Selected Writings of Mordecai Noah edited by Michael Schuldiner and Daniel Kleinfeld, and published by Greenwood Press. 1837 : Discourse of the Evidence of the American Indians being the descendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel. 1844: Discourse on the Restoration of the Jews. Harmonie Autographs and Music, Inc. Appraiser & Music Antiquarian. New York, New York. All items guaranteed authentic. The item “MORDECAI MANUEL NOAH American Jewish Leader 1819 stipple engraving Judaica” is in sale since Thursday, April 15, 2021. This item is in the category “Art\Art Prints”. The seller is “musicantiques” and is located in New York, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Size: Small (up to 12in.)
  • Artist: Thomas Gimbrede
  • Style: Americana
  • Listed By: Dealer or Reseller
  • Printing Technique: Steel plate stipple engraving
  • Medium: Engraving
  • Personalize: No
  • Date of Creation: 1819
  • Year: 1819
  • Width (Inches): 6″
  • Color: Black and White
  • Subject: Celebrities
  • Originality: Original
  • Height (Inches): 9″
  • Print Surface: Paper

MORDECAI MANUEL NOAH American Jewish Leader 1819 stipple engraving Judaica